Note: This document is a work in progress. You can help improve it.

Introduction to the Responsive Web

Why?

For Web developers, it is now fairly common to be called upon to create a Web site or app that changes its user interface depending on the browser or device accessing the site to provide an optimized experience. One approach to this is to create different versions of your site/app for different platforms or browsers and serve them appropriately after detecting which browser or platform is looking at your site. But this is increasingly inefficient: browser sniffing is inherently error prone, and maintaining multiple copies of your code can turn out to be a nightmare.

It is usually much better to create a single version of your code which doesn't care about what browser or platform is accessing the site. This tends to be termed responsive design or adaptive design, two related but different approaches. For a discussion on the differences between the two, read Responsive design versus adaptive design.

There are disadvantages to this approach as well. If the content, layout, and functionality need to change greatly for different devices, it may not be such a good approach. Also, taking an existing site and adding responsiveness to it, to make it mobile/tablet friendly, can be a lot more effort than just creating a separate mobile site or app, especially if it is a sprawling enterprise site. Read more about responsive design advantages and disadvantages.